INDO TIBETAN KNOT
In Tibet, a distinctive rug-weaving technique is used, A temporary rod which establishes the length of the pile is put in front of the warp. A continuous yarn is looped around two warps and then once around the rod. when a row of looses finished, the the loops are cut to construct the knots. we got this technique in India and starting calling it INDO TIBETAN.
Rugs are the products of very high handcraft quality.With this technique each knot forming the rug is tied by hand, one by one. There are different ways to make a knot in a rug, each one with its features and qualities. The knotting is one of the most important elements to estimate the quality of a rug, since the knot density is a quality indicator.
Soumak is a type of brocading or flat woven pile. Thicker than Kilim, it is accomplished by looping the yarn horizontally around successive pairs of warps in between passes of over-under wefting. When compressed vertically with a weaver’s comb, the resultant texture looks like cabling rising slightly from the surface of the rug. Sumak is named for the village of Shemaka in the Caucasus where this technique was widely practiced.but it certainly was not invented there. Sumak has been practiced extensively across the rug productions world, from Central Asia to Iran, the Caucasus, and Turkey.
It consists of vertical warp combined purely with successive passes of horizontal wetting. If the wafting is compressed vertically with a weavers comb so as to cover the warps entirely, it produces ‘weft-faced’ tapestry. By manipulating the wefts in different colors, they can be made to produce the design of the kilim. When changes in color are accomplished by vertically successive rows of diverging wefts around two adjacent warps, this produces small gaps or slits-so-called slit tapestry technique. Alternatively the diverging wefts in different color may stagger back and forth vertically across two adjacent warps-so-called dovetail tapestry.
This rug has a very rich and long pile. Rugs made with this technique are very soft. The pile is left long and the knot density is low. The knot rows are followed by several passes of wetting which pass through the warps as a foundation, binding the rug together, and which also space out the rows of knots to keep them from becoming too dense.